Gum disease is one of the most common reasons for tooth loss and it begins with the build-up of plaque. The plaque forms tartar or calculus where the tooth meets the gum. The symptoms of gum disease are often overlooked as they are pain free in the first instance. The preventative treatment and removal of this plaque can only be done by a dentist.
You may have gum disease if:
- Your gums bleed when you brush.
- Your gums are red or swollen.
- You suffer from persistent bad breath.
- Your teeth look or feel like they are moving.
- Your teeth are looking longer (a sign that your gums are receding).
- There are spaces developing between your teeth.
- You experience recurrent mouth infections or ulcers.
Risk Factors associated with gum disease
The main risk factors that increase your chance of developing gum disease are:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Substance abuse
- Poor diet
- Old age
- Hormonal changes
- Certain medication
- Poor fitting dental restorations such as filling, crowns, bridge and dentures
How is gum disease treated?
By thorough deep cleaning under the gums of the root surfaces to remove bacterial deposits causing the disease. This is usually conducted under local anaesthetic so you feel comfortable. During this phase, you will be given instructions on how to clean more effectively around the teeth and gums using toothbrushes and interdental aids.
In severe cases advanced treatment with surgery can be undertaken to regenerate and replace lost bone and gum.
Seek help early on
Treating the disease in its early stages is of key importance, as the disease will slowly begin to attack the bone and tissues that support the teeth, which can result in tooth loss. If you are conscious that you may have gum disease of some form please contact our team for advice.